Psoriasis causes, symptoms and its management
Psoriasis is something that is not very common as it is an autoimmune disease that actually speed up the skin cell cycle. So there is a rapid increase of skin cells formation which take place in day instead of weeks or a month. Older skin cell come on surface of the skin and sometimes present as dry scaly patches, sometimes they are red or darker in color and they may even bleed in worse conditions. It can happen on any part of the body but usually it happen on arms, legs, back and scalp.
Some people might think it is contagious but it is not as it doesn’t spread within people in contact.
This skin condition is present on the skin as dry scaly patchy which could have red, pink colors. Furthermore people with psoriasis may or may not get the symptoms of itchiness,silver white patches, pustules or bleeding. This area can also become tender or painful in some cases.
Some patients may experience thick pitted nails and painful or swollen joints. People might not feel persistent symptoms as this cycle may become triggered with certain stimulus. It may relieved for some time then become triggered after some time. It can appear on any part of the body like face, back ,legs and scalp.
Causes for psoriasis is actually not exactly know but there is a big involvement of immune system and genes. It also tend to run in families as you inherit certain genes that make a person vulnerable to get psoriasis. Some people might have the mild or some might have the severe form of psoriasis.
Immune system has also a major role as it tend to attack and fight against foreign body or germs. But it starts to attack body’s own cell because of some error at molecular level. In return body starts to produce new cells excessively which give rise to this skin condition. Body keeps on over producing new body cells with days and older dead skin cells start to accumulate on certain part of the body. Which can become painful, red, swollen, tender and it may start oozing or bleeding sometimes.
Some time people who have some underlying health condition like HIV, diabetes type II, heart disease or inflammatory bowel disease are also at risk of getting this skin condition.
Furthermore, sometimes other factors like heat, stress, foods, infections, injury, cut or bruises might trigger this condition. It might also worsen the condition with already existing psoriasis symptoms.
Diagnosis and Management:
Any experienced doctor or dermatologist might do physical examination and can easily diagnose psoriasis. They may also do the biopsy and check it under microscope for better and confirmed diagnosis.
Unfortunately there is no permanent cure for this skin condition but its symptoms can be relieved to some extent. Your doctor might prescribe you with topical ointment like corticosteroids, vitamin A, salicylic acid and heavy moisturizers. Usually oral medication has quite many side effects so it is usually given for really short period of time. Psoriasis also give a good response to light therapy. If a person doesn’t give response to topical ointments then he is prescribed with oral medication for short period f time.
You can also follow some prevention or home remedies to relieve its symptoms naturally as well.
Having this skin condition can be cause of depression because of presence of these patches on skin. If you think this condition is overtaking you mental or emotional health then you should consult a therapist. As dealing with this mental stress is important as well because it can trigger its flares too.
You need to take healthy and proper diet and avoid taking processed food. Stick with natural fruits and vegetable that can keep you hydrated and reduce the inflammation as well.
Antioxidant and vitamins :
Take antioxidant and vitamins in your diet as these are very helpful in maintaining proper diet. Furthermore, antioxidant will prevent your skin from further damage and prevent it from sun damage as well.
You can use coconut oil,olive oil, almond oil and aloe Vera gel as main ingredient to your moisturizer. These are important to reduce inflammation and keep the skin hydrated for long period of time.