Febrile seizure, causes, symptoms and how to control them?
Febrile seizures are something that in some in children from age 6 months to 5 years old. It is usually caused by high temperature of the body which is higher than 100 F (38C). fever is mostly triggered by any infection in the body which is usually viral. Most of the time viral related infections give rise to febrile fits than the bacterial infections.
Seeing your baby at this condition is not easy especially when you have not any idea what is going on. If your baby is in febrile fit so you need to know certain things. What is alarming and what is not as it is quite normal in children and it is not life threatening. If baby doesn’t have any neurological problems then febrile fits doesn’t affect the normal development, learning or other abilities.
Symptoms of febrile seizure are:
- convulsive movement of the whole body or certain part of the body.
- Unconsciousness or unresponsive during the time of fit.
- Fever higher that 100 F or 38 C.
- He might not be breathing in which baby’s lips can get even blue.
- he might roll his eyes to certain direction.
Babies might not present all the symptoms in febrile seizure. It also depends on the severity of type of seizure. As there are two type one is simple in which usually seizures lasts for few seconds to 10 minutes. While one type in complex in which he might show seizures duration for more than 10-15 minutes and it can re-occur within 24 hours.
If symptom get severe like breathing problem, extremely sleepy, stiff neck or vomiting then immediately seek medical attention. Your doctor may also recommend you for EEG of the baby to confirm if it is not related to epilepsy which is a different neurological condition.
It is mainly caused by high fever and infection that trigger the fit in babies from age 6 month to 5 years. And babies from 12 to 18 months are at greater risk. Other cause might include immunization which can cause buildup of low-grade fever which can be controlled. If not controlled properly that can cause febrile fits. Weak immune systems or poor nutrition can also cause this problem.Sometimes this problem also tend to run in family. Your baby might have inherited specific genes for that.
In emergency usually everything is done to bring down the fever which is the main cause. Usually cold water pads or gel pad are used to bring down the temperature. Furthermore, medication like ibuprofen or acetaminophen are given to bring down the fever. Some capsules are also available to administered through anus which can show fast results in emergency.
These medication can control the fever but not the febrile seizures. Medication for seizures is rarely prescribed if seizures last for long or if seizure are tend to reoccur within 24 hours.
Prevention: If you baby had seizures before then try to control his fever with proper prescribed medicine in emergency situations. you can also bring it down with wet pads or gel pads that can absorb the body heat. Also, don not dress your baby with so many thick or warm clothes.
What to do during a febrile seizure?
Usually seizure time last for few seconds to few minutes and you cannot control it during this time. Seizure are not life threatening and they get resolved itself within few minutes. But you can be careful during this time and what you can do for your child.
- First of all have the baby on his side and check if there is any object or vomit in his mouth. If there is try to clean it up so it won’t block the throat.
- Furthermore, remove any sharp or dangerous object from child’s side and don’t restrict his movement while convulsions.
- Take off any heavy clothing and note the time of seizure. As you need to know how long it lasted and tell the doctor as well.