Hyperthyroidism and things you need to know about it.
Today this article will guide with some common points like what is thyroid gland, what happen when it performs in overly manner. As thyroid can overwork the body which is called hyperthyroidism or gland fails to work efficiently at all which is called hypothyroidism. We will discuss about the farmer terms mentioned above here and when to get alarm when you notice certain symptoms. Luckily it is treatable and you don’t need to get worry on that.
Many people have this issue but might not note it because of unawareness. Like usually women with hyperthyroidism more often get irregular periods. So if you continuously get this problem you should discuss it to your doctor about it.
What is thyroid and how it works?
Thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland located on the front of the neck which can be palpated easily especially when it is swollen. This gland is involved in release of two main metabolic hormones called T3 triiodothyronine and T4 tetraiodothyronine. They both are involved in keeping the normal metabolic rate in body which requires energy by protein. Off course when these hormones are overly working for metabolism so they are consuming extra energy and causing the prominent symptoms in body.
Reasons of hyperthyroidism:
There are multiple reason for hyperthyroidism which involve:
- If you are taking too much iodine based things in your food which are causing increase level of iodine in the body.
- Inflammation of thyroid gland due to some infection which is called thyroiditis.
- Tumor in thyroid or pituitary gland which is involved in regulation of this gland.
- It can be due to some underlying health condition like autoimmune disease or in Grave disease.
Well there are some main symptoms according to which a doctor can estimate the problem. For example general weakness, weight loss, a person feel more hungry, rapid and irregular heartbeat, frequent bowel movement and increased blood pressure.
Moreover a person can experience nausea, vomiting,hand tremors, nervousness, hair loss, shortness of breath and unconsciousness in severe conditions.Persistent and untreated condition can lead to further complications and heart diseases.Well any doctor can make a random estimation on some of the prominent symptoms like weight loss, rapid and irregular heartbeat, elevated blood pressure and some of them even have swollen thyroid gland by palpation which is called goiter.
There are some test that you can do for patient to confirm the problem which includes:
- Level of T3 or T4 in blood
- Level of TSH thyroid stimulating hormone in the blood
- Ultrasound, CT scan or MRI
- Triglycerides or cholesterol level test.
1-If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned below you should must visit your doctor. As it can be treated with proper medication.Your doctor will more probably will suggest you radioactive iodine or antibiotic that will effectively decrease T3 and T4 hormones.
2-Your doctor might ask you to take less iodine and take more sodium or calcium in your diet instead.
3-Furthermore in uncontrolled situation, they might suggest you surgery which involve the removal of affected part or whole gland. Afterward you can experience under activity of this gland but medication will deal with situation.