What is ALOPECIA AREATA, the hair loss and its management?

by Asima Butt

What is ALOPECIA AREATA and its management?

What is Alopecia Areata?


Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease in which your body’s defence system attack your own body’s cell or tissue. Your body’s defence might  take your own cells as foreign invading cells because of some genetic error on molecular level. Autoimmune disease can affect any cell in your body but in this case these are your hair follicles. Hair follicles that grow and hold the hair strongly. When these cells are destroyed they might lose the grip or fail to grow hair at all.


This disease can target your hair follicles in form of patches or it will just target them overall. You might lose hair on certain area like scalp in form of patches or you can start to lose hair from your whole body including whole scalp.




Symptoms are quite obvious that if you are noticing a lot of hair fall on your pillow, while taking shower or brushing. You don’t want to confuse it with normal hair loss as everybody has a certain amount of hair loss every days. In this the most prominent symptoms is that you can experience hair loss in form of round patches from your scalp or body. Or if you are losing hair throughout the body then it also become obvious.


Furthermore, some people also start to show symptoms on your nails as they gain a specific pattern on tips. You might notice the pinpoints dents and they might lose their shine as well. Nails also tend to become thin, rough and weak. Some people start to show this symptoms first which can reflect Alopecia Areata.

Hair loss might be temporary sometime and they can grow again after some time but they might fall again. But in some people it can be permanent and there is no hair growth again.




Its causes mainly involve autoimmune disease which could or could not be inherited. As it also tend to run in families and you can’t control it.

Sometimes other underlying health condition like thyroid problem, hay fever, allergies, asthma and diabetes type II can also be a risk factor. Furthermore, other autoimmune disease can also be a risk factor for alopecia.


Management and treatment:


Unfortunately, there is no actual cure to end this disease but there are some treatments that can manage it to some extent. No all people with alopecia give same response as some people get lucky and start to give response to them.


Reduce stress:


This disease also can be responsible for constant depression or cause of sadness in patients which might worsen the condition as well. So a person should take proper guidance for therapies that may help a lot for a patient to come over the depression.



Usually people are prescribed with immunosuppressant  in some situation but it can give rise to further complications. Patients might prescribed with corticosteroids shots after every four weeks or they can be given in form of topical ointment. Some patients do give response and start to regrow hair again but it might take quite a long time.while some people might show no response at all.




This medication is usually in form of foamy solution that is used to treat pattern baldness in male. It is usually applied topically on scalp for stimulation to hair follicles for hair growth. It is not  used in hair loss after pregnancy in women or unexplained hair fall. This medication might have some side effects as well like redness, swelling and others but if your doctor has prescribe you then he know better than you. Though you must tell him the side effects that you got from its use.


Other treatments:


Their plenty of other treatments as well to see if your hair follicles give a response to it. They also apply some chemical on scalp to induce an allergic reaction. Some time hair start to grow in response to that allergic reactions.There are some other cosmetic procedure as well like hair transplant and microneedling with PRP to induce hair growth on scalp.


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